English Title

Organizing Platform Labor


A project about the socio-demographic profile of micro-workers in France. It focuses on their working conditions and policy measures to protect them. OPLa is funded by the union Force Ouvrière, as well as by the MSH Paris Saclay, and France Stratégie.

Time frame




Funding bodies

MSH Paris Saclay, FO, France Stratégie


Europe (France)


Report “Micro-work in France” (2019)

Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro, Clément Le Ludec, Marion Coville, Maxime Besenval, Touhfat Mouhtare, Elinor Wahal (2019). Le Micro-travail en France. Derrière l’automatisation de nouvelles précarités au travail ? [Micro-work in France. Behind Automation, New Forms of Precarious Labour?]. Final report DiPLab (Digital Platform Labor) OPLa project. <hal-02139528v1>

Two-day conference “Micro-working Platforms” (Paris 2019)


Antonio A. Casilli & Stephen Bouquin (2020).  Il n’y a pas d’automatisation sans micro-travail humain. Les Mondes du Travail, 24-25: 3-22. <hal-03001265>

Clément Le Ludec, Elinor Wahal, Antonio Casilli, Paola Tubaro (2020). Quel statut pour les petits doigts de l’intelligence artificielle ? Présent et perspectives du micro-travail en France. Les Mondes du travail , CEFRESS : Les Mondes du travail. ⟨hal-02995186⟩

Paola Tubaro, Clément Le Ludec, Antonio Casilli (2020). Counting ‘micro-workers’: societal and methodological challenges around new forms of labour. Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation, Pluto Journals, 14 (1), pp.67-82. ⟨10.13169/workorgalaboglob.14.1.0067⟩. ⟨hal-02898905⟩

Paola Tubaro, Antonio Casilli, Marion Coville (2020). The trainer, the verifier, the imitator: Three ways in which human platform workers support artificial intelligence. Big Data & Society, SAGE, 7 (1), pp.205395172091977. ⟨10.1177/2053951720919776⟩. ⟨hal-02554196⟩

Paola Tubaro, Antonio Casilli (2019). Micro-work, artificial intelligence and the automotive industry. Journal of Industrial and Business Economics = Economia e politica industriale, Springer, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1007/s40812-019-00121-1⟩. ⟨hal-02148979⟩

Antonio Casilli, Paola Tubaro, Clément Le Ludec, Elinor Wahal (2019). En la trastienda de la inteligencia artificial. Una investigación sobre las plataformas de micro-trabajo en Francia. Arxius de Ciències Socials, Editorial Afers. ⟨hal-02554213⟩

Team Members:

Maxime Besenval

Antonio A. Casilli

Marion Coville

Clément Le Ludec

Touhfat Mouhtare

Paola Tubaro

Elinor Wahal


Paris Polytechnic Institute-Telecom Paris